Green Infrastructure, Habitats and Connectivity

“Green infrastructure takes many forms including but not limited to the following: urban forests, natural areas, greenways, streams and riparian zones, meadows and agricultural lands; green roofs and green walls; parks, gardens and landscaped areas, community gardens, and other green open spaces; rain gardens, bioswales, and engineered wetlands.” (Source: Green Infrastructure Ontario Coalition)

“Ecological connectivity is the functional connectivity connecting landscape elements from the point of view of an individual, species or population or an association of these entities, for all or part of their development, at a given time or for a given period. By extension, connectivity decreases as ecological fragmentation increases.” (Source: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources).

80% of the territory of the city of Montréal has been built on or is covered with mineral surfaces (CRE-Montréal), and barely 6% of the terrestrial environments of the urban agglomeration of Montréal are currently protected (Ville de Montréal, 2016). As habitat loss and fragmentation are the greatest threats to biodiversity, it is imperative that urban green spaces and natural habitats in the city be protected and enhanced. Biopolis welcomes any action aimed at the greening of the city and developing its green infrastructure. These initiatives are critical for the well-being of the species we share our environment with.